Furthermore, experience shows us, Hume maintains, that there do exist constant conjunctions between matter and motion, on one side, and thought and consciousness on the other. As defined, a miracle may occur without any person observing it i. It is clear, as Cleanthes acknowledges, that if this cannot be done then the case for theism in any traditional form will collapse D, It is, for example, no miracle that a man in good health should suddenly die.
The true roots of genuine theism can be discovered in the psychological dynamics that first give rise to polytheism. From every point of view this doctrine is considered unsound. From the point of view of Christianity, one miracle of particular significance is the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Hume mentions four categories of consideration about the reliability of testimony. In parts VI through VIII, Philo attempts to show that there are many other possible analogies, other than the analogy to machines, that are equally well supported by the evidence we find in nature.
Cleanthes responds to this set of objections with a counter-example that is meant to discredit these criticisms and doubts. You must prove these pure unmixed, and uncontrollable attributes from the present mixed and confused phenomena, and from these alone.
It follows from this, according to this argument, that mind is distinct from matter and that only an immaterial being or substance is capable of thought and consciousness.
Clearly, then, the atheist may concede that there is some remote analogy between God and human minds and still insist that there remain other analogies and hypotheses that are no less plausible.
Plainly, however, it is neither. Moreover, since immaterial minds are simple and indivisible they are incapable of destruction and continue to exist eternally unless annihilated by divine power. In stark contrast to the perfectly harmonious machine that Cleanthes considers the universe to be, they tell us that our world is actually a miserable place, filled with evil.
Hume presents three characters, each of whom represent a different position on this issue, engaged in a dialogue together. The religion of polytheism is very different from genuine theism in so far as it does not concern itself with the abstract and speculative question concerning the origin or supreme government of the universe.
Cleanthes bases his belief in empirical theism on the argument from design. The implication of all this is not just that we have no reason to infer the existence of an infinitely powerful and good God but that we have considerable reason for doubting it.
It is in this sense that Hume maintains that miracles do not occur. In part II he attempts to demonstrate that the argument from design is not even an actual instance of the sort of argument it purports to be, and as such is faulty.
There is, however, a vast difference between these effects. However here the relevant cause God and effect the universe are both wholly unique, so there is no way that we could have such repeated experience of their existences or anything that resembles them.
On the other side, there is the question of the credibility of the fact itself i. Hume establishes this general point in two related moves. See the entry on the problem of evil.Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion [David Hume] on killarney10mile.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
An unabridged, digitally enhanced printing to /5(21). Dialogues concerning Natural Religion David Hume Pamphilus to Hermippus Letter from Pamphilus to Hermippus It has been remarked that though the ancient philosophers mostly taught through dialogues, the dialogue form hasn’t been much used in recent times, and has seldom succeeded.
David Hume Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion ()my Hermippus, that though the ancient philosophers conveyed most of their instruction in the form of dialogue, this method of composition has been little practised in later ages.
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (Penguin Classics) [David Hume, Martin Bell] on killarney10mile.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In the posthumously published Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, the Enlightenment philosopher David Hume attacked many of the traditional arguments for the existence of God/5(21).
David Hume in his famous work called Dialogues concerning natural religion he questions himself about the god: can we prove his existence and know what he looks like. He says about the first question as pretty obvious and tries to give a rational description of him by using three characters: Demea, Cleanthes and Philo.
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