Major approaches to clinical psychology

There are several techniques used in the cognitive-behavioral approach such as contingency management, counterconditioning, exposure, behavioral contract, participant modeling, behavioral rehearsal, and thought stopping.

Each approach has advantages for specific challenges, and some perspectives lend themselves to particular research whereas others do not. Freud also theorized the symptoms of OCD were caused by misunderstood punishment and rigid toilet training that led to internalized conflicts.

The approaches also provide a consistent parameter by which to assess and treat the patient and a dependable plan of action in a variety of situations and patient needs.

Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology

Behavioral contract is a document formed between therapist and client outlining behavioral consequences. By maintaining Major approaches to clinical psychology development, individuals continue along their personal life pathway, and meeting their psychological needs.

Don Jackson founded the Mental Research Institute alongside another Virginia Satir, another family therapist, in Retrieved August 15,from http: Disengagement is the detachment of a family member in an attempt to avoid emotional involvement.

Visualization is a technique used during therapy where the patient visualizes an individual in an empty chair to say what they need to say to that individual. The Family Systems Approach The family systems approach attempts to utilize the family as a whole to treat problematic behavior and emotions.

The patient can chose to alter their mental state under appropriate conditions Dombeck, A guide to treatments that work 2nd ed. There are three defense mechanisms, which are reaction formation, undoing, and isolation of affect.

Because the cognitive- behavioral perspective is based on the idea that people learn from reinforcement from the environment, the strategies in therapeutic application emphasize altering the pattern of reinforcement.

An individual suffering from OCD is preoccupied with perfection, control, detail, lists, organization, order, rules, and schedules. Anxiety disorders and phobias: Exposure is when the individual exposes themselves, either all-at-once or gradually, to what he or she fears.

The issues of the identified individual are acknowledged and addressed, although within the scope of the family. Behavioral rehearsal is when the patient practices desired behaviors or reactions until he or she does them automatically. Paradoxical intention is a technique where the patient actually acts out their problematic behavior in order to feel more comfortable with treatment options.

Joining is when the therapist becomes involved and apart of the family unit rather than an observer. Undoing is when an individual uses behaviors to counteract his or her inappropriate feelings. In family systems the therapist guides the family in assessing their needs and defining goals.

Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology: Emotion components include underlying concerns or experiences that have not been openly addressed.

Conclusion Obsessive-compulsive disorder is complex and different for each individual suffering from the disorder. Humanism is committed to a paradigm that emphasizes the human ability "to be consciously reflective and have the ability to experience self-determination and freedom" Plante,p.

About Depression - Information and Support for Depression. OCD can cause uncontrollable fears which causes the person difficulty functioning in everyday life.

The goal is to allow the patient to work with the fears and emotions surrounding the issue, ultimately rendering the situation less scary whereby the patient no longer needs to avoid the other person or situation Dombeck, Reframing is changing how the patient perceives a behavior.Aug 27,  · Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Slide 2: A variety of approaches exist for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Four major approaches include psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems. Major approaches to clinical psychology Obsessive Compulsive Disorder By Katya Finferanjen Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Psychodynamic Approach: Origins and Goals. Compare and contrast the major approaches to clinical psychology psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems in relation to the disorder.

Approaches to Clinical Psychology PSY October 25, Approaches to Clinical Psychology Clinical psychology involves the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illnesses that affect human behavior (Plante, ).

May 13,  · Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology Obsessive-compulsive disorder will be defined and examined in relation to psychological approaches: psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and family systems. Different approaches to psychotherapy.

Major figures in cognitive therapy include Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck. Humanistic therapy. This approach emphasizes people's capacity to make rational choices and develop to their maximum potential. Advancing psychology to benefit society and improve people’s lives.


Major approaches to clinical psychology
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